This suited the Persians as they could now continue unimpeded along the mountain path and arrive behind the main Greek force. Blogs 1. Map of the battle of marathon 490 bc greek double envelopment. Winter halted the land campaign, though, and at Salamis the Greek fleet manoeuvred the Persians into shallow waters and won a resounding victory. Thermopylae definition, a pass in E Greece, between the cliffs of Mt. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Map of the Battle of Thermopylae 480 BC | Greco persian wars . a pass in E Greece, between the cliffs of Mt. Indeed, Spartan indifference is epitomised by Dieneces, who, when told that the Persian arrows would be so dense as to darken the sun, replied that in that case the Spartans would have the pleasure of fighting in the shade. The Persian forces also included the Immortals, an elite force of 10,000 who were probably better protected with armour and armed with spears. Warfare & Battles in Ancient Greece. The Battle on the plain of Marathon in September 490 BCE between... Leonidas was the Spartan king who famously led a small band of... Sparta was one of the most important Greek city-states throughout... Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes... One of the most effective and enduring military formations in ancient... A black-figure Calyx-Krater from Attica, c. 530 BCE. Thermopylae. "Thermopylae The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the years 700-480 B.C., not the Classical Age (480-323 B.C.) Source. The Persian invasion was a delayed response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece, which had been ended by the Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC. Battle at Thermopylae: Definition & Map | Study.com. Thermopylae . Cartwright, M. (2013, April 16). Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Thermopyle synonyms, Thermopyle pronunciation, Thermopyle translation, English dictionary definition of Thermopyle. [intr.] The Battle at Thermopylae was a battle at the pass of Thermopylae between the Greeks and the Persian Empire in 480 B.C.E. Thermopylae was an excellent choice for defence with mountains running down into the sea leaving only a narrow pass along the coast. Oeta and the Gulf of Lamia: Persian defeat of the Spartans 480 b.c. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Just why Greece was coveted by Persia is unclear. All Free. In Western culture at least, it is the Greeks who are lauded for their performance in battle. 15 Jan 2021. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Thermopylae (; Ancient and Katharevousa Greek: , Demotic: Θερμοπύλες : "hot gates") is a place in Greece where a narrow coastal passage existed in antiquity.It derives its name from its hot sulphur springs. The wall was in a state of ruin, but the Spartans made the best repairs they could in the circumstances. "Battle of Thermopylae." It derives its name from its hot sulphur springs. Meaning of battle of thermopylae. Thermopylae means "hot gates" in Greek and the name is related with its hot sulphur springs. The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 BC, was a battle in the second Persian invasion of Greece. Thermopylae is a mountain pass near the sea in northern Greece which was the site of several battles in antiquity, the most famous being that between Persians and Greeks in August 480 BCE. Thermopyle synonyms, Thermopyle pronunciation, Thermopyle translation, English dictionary definition of Thermopyle. Warfare & Battles in Ancient Greece. It was fought over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. Both ancient and modern writers have used the Battle of thermopylae as an example of the power of a patriotic army defending its native soil. Thank you! It was held at the narrow coastal pass of Thermopylae ("The Hot Gates") in August or September 480 BC. Thermopylae, narrow pass on the east coast of central Greece between the Kallídhromon massif and the Gulf of Maliakós, about 85 miles (136 km) northwest of Athens (Athína). Battle of Thermopylae, (480 bce), battle in central Greece at the mountain pass of Thermopylae during the Persian Wars. Ancient History Encyclopedia. (January 13, 2021). Encyclopedia.com. A glorious defeat maybe, but the fact remained that the way was now clear for Xerxes to push on into mainland Greece. The pass had also been fortified by the local Phokians who built a defensive wall running from the so-called Middle Gate down to the sea. Thermopylae is a mountain pass in terea or Central Greece, 210 km from Athens, and was a sacred place for ancient Greeks. Meanwhile, the Immortals now entered the fray behind the Greeks who retreated to a high mound behind the Phokian wall. Thermopylae is a mountain pass near the sea in northern Greece which was the site of several battles in antiquity, the most famous being that between Persians and Greeks in August 480 BCE. Map of the Battle of Thermopylae 480 BC | Greco persian wars . Quizzes 1. 1. Thermopylae is located in eastern central Greece on the only land route large enough to bear any significant traffic between Lokris and Thessaly.Passage from north to south along the east coast of the Balkan peninsula requires use of the pass. Battle of Thermopylae. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Tsakonian is not only important to the identity and culture of Tsakonians, it is also the only legacy of the ancient Spartans that still persists, notes the BBC. Thermopylae (; Ancient and Katharevousa Greek: , Demotic: Θερμοπύλες : "hot gates") is a place in Greece where a narrow coastal passage existed in antiquity.